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25 October 2013|
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. It is a condition that occurs when the pressure inside your large arteries is too high.
Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers -- for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high.
The top number is called the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure.
You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you:
Most of the time, no cause of high blood pressure is found. This is called Essential Hypertension.
High blood pressure that is caused by another medical condition or medication is called secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension may be due to:
You are more likely to be told your blood pressure is too high as you get older. This is because your blood vessels become stiffer as you age. When that happens, your blood pressure goes up. High blood pressure increases your chance of having a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, and early death.
Most of the time, there are no symptoms. For most patients, high blood pressure is found when they visit their health care provider or have it checked elsewhere.
Because there are no symptoms, people can develop heart disease and kidney problems without knowing they have high blood pressure.
There are warning signs to watch out for though:
Asides from measuring your blood pressure severally before diagnosing you as hypertensive;
Other tests may be done to look for:
The goal of treatment is to reduce blood pressure so that you have a lower risk of complications. There are many different medicines that can be used to treat high blood pressure and your doctor will decide based on the type of hypertension and symptoms present. It is very important that you take the medications prescribed to you.
Lifestyle Modification is also very important for lowering blood pressure and will be recommended by the doctor. Some of these modifications include: